Amish people are anti-modernist religious group, Christians. A priest whose name is Jakop Amman favored a stronger church discipline so, he founded this group in 1690s. This group’s name was derived from his name. Amish people give importance to modesty and obedience to God. Although they spread all over the world, they mostly live in North America. In fact, almost all Amish can speak English and Pennsylvania Dutch but they prefer speaking Pennsylvania Dutch with each other.
These people’s aspects of life are affected deeply by traditional rules which are known as Ordnung. Ordnung affects their life from dress to hair, from farming to education. Ordung rules give importance to church and family relationships. In addition, these rules must be obeyed by every member of the Amish community.
Some of the orders of Ordnung:
1. Separation from the world
2. To be pacifist (refuse to fight in army wars.)
3. Mode of dress
Some of the prohibitions of Ordnung:
2. Owning computers, cell phones, cars, TVs, radios, telephones, jewelry
3. Health and social insurance
4. Use of electricity provided by a power company
5. Performing military service
Family is the most important social unit in the Amish culture. Children are not burdens, they are gifts from God. So, families with seven to ten children are common. Parents are involved in their children’s activities. They play and read together in the evenings. Fathers and sons work outside of the home while mothers and daughters work at home.
These people don’t vote, enlist in the military, but, they pay their taxes. As well as weddings, these people have young gatherings to entertain. But, music and musical instruments are forbidden because they believe music stirs up their emotions
A YOUTH GATHERING
Their formal education is until eight grade and they educate their children only at their private schools. They think this education is enough to be an Amish. After school, boys become farmers; carpenters like their fathers and girls become housewives. Their teacher is usually young unmarried woman. Their education concentrates on the basic reading, writing, geography and math.
Most of the Amish people are farmers and carpenters. They grow hay, wheat, tobacco, soybeans, potatoes, grain and other vegetables. They make their livings by this way.
Women wear long dark colored clothes covered with a cape and apron. They never cut their hair and they don’t wear any jewelry. If the woman is married, she wears a white cape. If she is single, she wears a black cape.
Men usually wear dark colored suits. They never wear belts, and mustache, because mustache is related to military. Young men are clean shaved before marriage, and married men grow bears after marriage, because beards are marks of adult Amish men.
Health care and problems
Amish people use modern medical services like us. But, they don’t want health and social insurance from the state. They help each other to pay medical expenses. In addition, they take care of their own members, so, they don’t have retirement communities or nursing homes. But, as they only marry among themselves, genetic disorders are very common in this society.
Their attitudes towards technology
Amish people reject having cars, electricity which is provided by a power company, tractors, TVs, telephones, airplanes and computers. The reason is not that they are sinful. It is that these modern inventions can have a bad effect on their life. These inventions can create inequality, cause vanity, proud, showing off their statues, power and wealth. Also, these inventions provide access to world. So, they can lead to many temptations and the deterioration of family life. But, they can use telephones and cars as long as they don’t own them. Instead of owning cars, they can own buggies, too.
In addition, they allow electricity generated by solar panels. But, If electricity is provided by a power company, they don’t use it. Their refrigerators, water heaters, stoves, lamps work with gas power and electricity generated by solar panels.
1.Why did Jakop Amman found Amish community?
2.Why do Amish people have many children?
3.What is the effect of ‘’Ordhung’’ on Amish people life?
4.How do Amish people entertain?
5.Why don’t they enlist in the military?
6.Why do Amish people have many genetic disorders?
7.Why don’t they own many modern inventions?
1.Amish men have long mustache after marriage because it is a mark of an adult Amishman.
2.Jakop Amman founded Amish community because he thinks church discipline is very strict.
3.These people don’t have retirement communities or nursing homes because they take care of their own members.
4.They don’t use modern inventions as using them is sinful.
5.A white apron is a mark of a married woman.
6.They listen to music and play musical instruments at young gatherings and weddings.
7.They can’t have cars, telephones; but they can use them.
8.They don’t permit their children to go to the school because of lack of money.
9.Their refrigerators, water heaters, stoves and lams work with gas power and electricity generated by solar panels.
10.They don’t vote and enlist in the military, but they have social and help insurance.